be done if a person suffers a concussion?
People with a concussion need to be seen by
a doctor. Most people with concussions are treated in an
emergency department or a doctor's office. Some people must stay
in the hospital overnight for further treatment. Sometimes the
doctors may do a CT scan of the brain or do other tests to help
diagnose your injuries. Even if the brain injury doesn't show up
on these tests, you may still have a concussion.
Your doctor will send you home with
important instructions to follow. For example, your doctor may
ask someone to wake you up every few hours during the first
night and day after your injury. Be sure to carefully follow all
your doctor's instructions. If you are already taking any
medicines - prescription, over-the-counter, or "natural
remedies" - or if you are drinking alcohol or taking illicit
drugs, tell your doctor. Also, talk with your doctor if you are
taking "blood thinners" (anticoagulant drugs) or aspirin,
because these drugs may increase your chances of complications.
If it's all right with your doctor, you may take acetaminophen
(for example, TylenolR* or PanadolR*) for headache or neck pain.
What are the danger signs for adults?
In rare cases, along with a concussion, a
dangerous blood clot may form on the brain and crowd the brain
against the skull. Contact your doctor or emergency department
right away if, after a blow or jolt to the head, you have any of
these danger signs:
* Headaches that get worse
* Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination
* Repeated vomiting
The people checking on you should take you
to an emergency department right away if you:
* Cannot be awakened
* Have one pupil - the black part in the middle of the
eye - larger than the other
* Have convulsions or seizures
* Have slurred speech
* Are getting more and more confused, restless, or
What are the danger signs for children?
Take your child to the emergency department
right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head
* Has any of the danger signs for
adults listed above
* Won't stop crying
* Can't be consoled
* Won't nurse or eat
Although you should contact your child's
doctor if your child vomits more than once or twice, vomiting is
more common in younger children and is less likely to be an
urgent sign of danger than it is in an adult.
What are some of the common symptoms?
The type of brain injury called a
concussion has many symptoms. These symptoms are usually
temporary, but may last for days, weeks, or even longer.
Generally, if you feel that "something is not quite right," or
if you're "feeling foggy," you should talk with your doctor.
Here are some of the symptoms of a
* Low-grade headaches that won't
* Having more trouble than usual:
* Remembering things
* Paying attention or concentrating
* Organizing daily tasks
* Making decisions and solving problems
* Slowness in thinking, acting, speaking, or reading
* Getting lost or easily confused
* Neck pain
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